The Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL) announced it is pushing for the use of Small Modular Reactors (SMRs) in remote Arctic communities. Indeed, this announcement came during the Arctic Development Expo hosted in Inuvik June 15-16.
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There, CNL President and CEO Joe McBrearty and CNL vice president Jeff Griffin made a case for the fission reactors. Indeed, these modules are similar to the ones used in nuclear submarines.
About nuclear energy’s potential
Moreover, the International Energy Agency (IEA) sees a growing role for nuclear energy to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050. Accordingly, McBrearty said; “The province of Ontario gets about 60% of its energy from nuclear power. Also, over the next decade, nuclear capacity could grow as much by 40 percent and double by 2050.”
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What are SMRs?
Indeed, Small Nuclear Reactors (SMRs) are scaled-down and simplified systems designed to work in isolation and minimum technical expertise. Accordingly, the idea is that a smaller scale potentially reduces the problems commonly associated with nuclear reactors; for instance, such as substantially fewer water requirements for coolant, which expands where they can be built.
Thus, there are numerous designs in various stages of completion. However, worldwide only three reactors are currently in full operation. In fact, all are in Russia, with one scheduled to cease operation this year.
Further, small modular reactors could replace diesel power generation in remote communities to reduce energy costs and greenhouse gas emissions. Other uses proposed for SMRs include using the steam produced by the reactions in oil sands extraction and electricity; particularly, for bitumen upgrading in Alberta.
Also, for retiring the coal power currently in operation and chemical production in up to 85 heavy industrial parks across Canada.
Comments and Reception
In this sense, Griffin said; “It’s small in power. For instance, generally less than 300 megawatts electrical, with many designs less than 50 megawatts electrical.”
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Accordingly, he explained CNL is intending to test SMRs at their Chalk River Research site. Indeed, the laboratories already have plans to demonstrate a Global First Power-built reactor in 2026.
Other action plans for SMRs’ development
CNL is also involved in the development of SMRs Roadmaps and Action Plans. Indeed, Global First Power is a business partnership between the Ontario government and Seattle-based Ultra Safe Nuclear Corporation.
In this way, CNL’s work adds to the recently signed memorandum of understanding for SMRs development. Particularly, the governments of Ontario, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, and Alberta signed it.
Worth noting, Canada’s last commercial nuclear reactor came into operation in 1993. Worldwide, 31 Canadian nuclear reactors, known as CANDU reactors, have been built abroad. However, further, development was frozen in 1974 when the Indian government detonated an atomic bomb.
Initially developed in the 1960s, CANDU sales declined in the early 2000s as newer technology became available. Also, Canada’s biggest nuclear contribution globally became radioisotope production, which is crucial for medical diagnoses and cancer treatments.